Archive for December, 2012

Some British Traditions

December 19th, 2012

To appease the spirits, the inhabitants of villages and small towns kindled in the streets Bonfires and exhibited various treats. And in this day of harvest chose the most beautiful pumpkins to turn them into lamps. Removed from the fruit of a heart, carved on the walls of the eyes, nose and mouth, and inside the resulting head inserted a lighted candle. All this construction is called a Jack-o-lanterns (Jack-Lantern) and is a reminder about the hero of Irish legend, who managed to cheat the devil and keep him from his soul. But life is not sinful Jack allowed to go to heaven, and the Day of Judgement he must roam the world, illuminating a path made of pumpkins and lanterns.

Ancient traditions handed down from generation to generation, and even after treatment of Ireland, Britain and France in Christian Celts did not forget about the holiday end of the summer and early winter. Return to active celebration of Halloween was in the IX century, when Pope Gregory III announced the transfer of All Saints' Day from May 13 to November 1. The Night Before holiday called All Hallows Even (Evening All Saints), or abbreviated – Halloween. Now Halloween is one of the most popular European holiday, was celebrated in Russia. Young people gladly took the opportunity to don the costumes of ghosts, monsters and other evil characters, fun at parties, and, of course, to present your loved ones unique gifts. The most popular souvenirs for Halloween are different variations on a theme pumpkin.

London Stock Exchange

December 6th, 2012

In January, the same at an average temperature of 5.3 degrees, it is kept in the range of +2 to +8. London is divided into 33 administrative units of 32 of these 33 words are called borough (boro), and 33rd denoted simply by the City. In the old times only the City and was a city, and the names of most of the current borough, are former names of villages. And if London is the capital of the United Kingdom, the City is a kind of capital in London. Here are the Bank of England and London Stock Exchange.

City buildings, despite the fact that it is the oldest part of town, not so ancient – all the ancient great fire destroyed in 1666. The oldest building in the city is St. Paul's Cathedral – St Paul's Cathedral. Its construction began in 1675, and the service it began to carry out with the December 2, 1697. Here, in the City, and is the best known of London's new buildings – a 40-story skyscraper Mary Axe. The building, which has the mesh design, it was built in 2001-2004 by the famous modern architect Norman Foster in place of Baltic Exchange, damaged by bombing in 1992, arranged by the Irish Republican Army.

However, administrative agencies in London are not in the City, and in Venstminstere. This area is located west of the City, and its very name translates as "western church". Of the western church is Westminster Abbey, built in the vii century the island was located here Tourney (Torney).